Namibia flag South West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO) was the major organization pushing seeking independence in what was then South West Africa, a de facto colony of neighboring South Africa, beginning in the 1960s. When South Africa finally decided to surrender sovereignty of the area under international pressure, a flag design competition for the future Republic of Namibia was organized. SWAPO’s election triumph in 1989 ensured that its own flag (a horizontal tricolor of blue, red, and green) would have sway when the decision was made.

The transitional government’s National Symbols Sub-Committee met throughout January 1990, working with the 835 suggestions received, and eventually selected a flag presented by South African State Herald Frederick Brownell. The blue-red-green SWAPO stripes were positioned diagonally in that design, with white fimbriations (thin borders) on each side of the red to show off the colors. In the top hoist corner, a golden 12-pointed sun was inserted to symbolise life and vitality. While no explicit color attributions were made at the time, red is today seen to represent the people’s courage and commitment to construct a future of equal opportunity. Green represents agricultural riches, blue represents the sky and the Atlantic Ocean, and white represents peace and harmony. The flag was approved by the Constituent Assembly on February 2, 1990, and it was first formally hoisted on March 21, that same year, on Independence Day.



The Constituent Assembly overwhelmingly approved Namibia’s National Flag on February 2, 1990, as a symbol of the country’s battle for national unity. It represents peace, solidarity, and a shared love for Namibia. The National Flag depicts the country in every way:
The sun represents life and vitality. The golden color of the sun depicts the warmth and color of the Namib Desert plains.
The color blue represents the sky, the Atlantic Ocean, Namibia’s maritime resources, and the value of rain and water.
The color red symbolizes the Namibian people, their bravery, and their commitment to create a future of equal opportunity for everyone.
White symbolizes peace and harmony.
The color green represents the greenery and agricultural riches of the nation.


The Namibian President’s flag reflects the absolute power of the country’s head of state and chief executive and is flown to mark his presence. The flag is also displayed on the President’s vehicle. The flag is rectangular and has three triangles in blue, gold, and green. The Coat of Arms is imprinted on the gold. The President’s Flag may only be flown in Namibia. When the President visits foreign nations, he just carries the National Flag. This implies that only the National Flag may be flown in other nations to represent Namibia, whilst the President’s Flag signifies the President’s standing and power.



The National Coat of Arms is the official insignia of the Government’s statutory function. All official documents and stationery bear the Coat of Arms.
The National Flag is seen on the Coat of Arms’ shield. It is deeply rooted in the sands of Namibia’s centuries-old Namib Desert.
The fish eagle, which represents the north and our country’s water resources, is shown on the headband above the shield.
The fish eagle has superb eyesight and is therefore a symbol of our country’s leaders’ foresight.
The two Oryx antelopes on each side of the shield are native to Namibia, notably the semi-arid regions. They are well-known for their bravery, grace, and pride.
The Welwitschia mirabilis is a rare desert plant that is a fighter for survival and hence a symbol of Namibia’s courage and persistence.
The headband represents our people’s customs, while the diamond shapes represent the value of diamonds to the country’s economy.
The slogan, Unity, Liberty, and Justice, enshrines the fundamental ideas enshrined in the Constitution.
Private organizations may not utilize the Coat of Arms without the President’s prior consent.

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